SETTLEMENT-BASED ASSESSMENT AND ANALYSIS IN CONTEXTS OF DISPLACEMENT
Recent displacement trends show an increase in numbers of displaced population living out of designated areas such as refugee camps, often adding up to a rapidly growing trend of urbanisation. While assessing the needs of refugee populations living in camps is relatively simple (population is within a given space, with similar living conditions, access to services, etc.), out-of-camp settings bring a new set of challenges for humanitarian actors, who need new tools to properly assess and understand local dynamics, vulnerabilities and capacities of displaced and host populations in such areas.
In partnership with UNHCR and supported by the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM), AGORA is developing a toolbox on how to effectively use settlement-based approaches to establish two-way flows of information with displaced populations and their host communities. This innovative methodological approach to settlement-based data collection and analysis will enable aid actors to gather a better understanding of out-of-camp displacement contexts, for more efficient aid planning and delivery.
This programme will provide aid actors with a toolbox addressing two key aspects of settlement-based planning:
- Delineate and understand settlements through a settlement-based approach.
- Identify the best sources of information, or ‘Key Informants,’ within each settlement using the Social Network Analysis Theory.
The toolbox is being tested through field pilots in Jordan, Niger and Afghanistan, and is developed in consultation with global and country partners, including the World Bank, INGOs and relevant national and local actors. The first pilot has been conducted in Jordan (city of Mafraq) between January and May 2017, upcoming pilots include Niger (region of Diffa) and Afghanistan (Kabul). Once all the pilots will be completed in 2018, the toolbox will be finalised and dissemination events and training of trainers will take place in different regional hubs to ensure field use of the toolbox by UNHCR and other key field partners.