Niger et RCA: les acteurs locaux au cœur de la réponse
Since 2012, Niger has been characterized by several – at times overlapping – crises. Structurally underdeveloped with the world’s highest birth rate per woman, the country has been heavily impacted by conflict and population displacement on its borders with Mali, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and Chad.
The combination of instability and structural barriers has strained an already fragile humanitarian situation, and the country remains prone to severe food crises resulting in food insecurity and malnutrition. Moreover, at the frontline of climate change, Niger has also been facing frequent heavy rainfall and flooding, provoking massive displacements in several areas of the country and impacting farming production.
In addition to natural hazards, the rapid demographic growth coupled with increased land silting in the southern part of Niger has increased conflicts around land access between herders and farmers, especially in southern Niger.
IMPACT was first deployed to Niger in 2012 when worsening violence in the north of Mali led Malian refugees and Nigerien IDPs to flee to the Tillaberi region in western Niger. Through its REACH initiative and in close cooperation with UNHCR, IMPACT launched mapping programs in the three camps hosting displaced populations. Subsequently, REACH operations expanded to the south-eastern Diffa region. In addition, REACH has conducted assessments on migrants transiting through Niger towards North Africa and Europe. IMPACT has also played a key role in the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) consortium in Niger by providing Information Management Support. IMPACT has also built sectoral expertise (CVA, WASH, Food Security, AAP and protection), through thematic assessments, in collaboration with key humanitarian partners.
On the 9th of August, the ACTED and IMPACT teams in Niger lost seven young and talented team members: Antonin, Boubakar, Charline, Leo, Myriam, Nadifa and Stella. Our colleagues were united by a motivation to provide humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable populations in Niger. Three of them, Antonin, Charline and Stella, did so with IMPACT, collecting vital information from vulnerable populations to ensure that their voices are heard when humanitarians make decisions that affect them. While they were all driven by commitment, empathy, and solidarity, they each brought their own capacities and talents to enrich the team.
Minor towns in the Diffa region of Niger are becoming heavily affected by displacement. In this region, where more than 250,000 people are forcibly displaced, urban systems have a limited capacity to absorb the increasingly significant number of arrivals. To relieve the pressures caused by these arrivals, humanitarians work hand in hand with local communities.
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IMPACT Initiatives, notably via its REACH, AGORA, and PANDA initiatives, is increasingly committing research efforts to inform the aid community on how to tackle climate risk. The objective? To identify evidence-based solutions that can be applied in fragile contexts to strengthen the resilience of communities. How? By conducting scientifically robust risk assessments, working with local actors to develop a better understanding of risk, and building local analytical and communication capacities.
Our 2020 activities helped impact ground level operational planning, strategic planning and decision-making and bring about system-wide change. Our work was also most commonly cited by partners as “strongest added value”
MSNA 2021 - AAP Global Key findings
Humanitarian Situation Monitoring in the 3 Borders Area (Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger), May 2022
REACH Mali - Evaluation rapide à Ménaka ville - Juin 2022
REACH Mali – Base de données : Evaluation rapide à Ménaka ville – Juin 2022
Suivi de la situation alimentaire à Ayerou (Janvier 2022)
Suivi de la situation humanitaire dans la région de Tillabéri, Niger (Mars 2022))
Suivi de la situation humanitaire dans le nord de Tahoua, Niger (Mars 2022))
HSM Focus : Evolution de l'accès aux moyens d'existence, premier semestre 2022, Burkina Faso
Focus sur la securité alimentaire à Téra, Tillaberi, Niger
HSM Focus : Evolution des mouvements de retours, premier semestre 2022, Burkina Faso
Suivi de la situation humanitaire dans la zone Trois Frontières, Factsheet Transfrontalière- Niger et Burkina Faso- Mars 2022
Suivi de la situation humanitaire dans la zone Trois Frontières, Factsheet Transfrontalière- Niger et Mali- Jan 2022
REACH Niger - Suivi de la situation humanitaire dans le Nord de Tahoua (Janvier 2022)
REACH Niger – Suivi de la situation humanitaire dans la région de Tillabéri (Janvier 2022)
Global Brief - Impact of COVID-19 on humanitarian needs